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Childhood Milestones

We are implementing activities for all children depending on their age and stage.

Childhood Milestones

There are many early childhood theories that, as childcare professionals, we at the nursery need to have a good knowledge and understanding of. We consider these when we are implementing activities for all children depending on their age and stage. We consider every child’s individual needs and identify areas of development that they may need to work towards, these are called next steps.

Parents often ask us at the nursery for information regarding child development ages and stages so here is a guidance list on ‘usual’ child development for the specific age groups and is according to Mary Sheridan.

We hope you find this guide helpful and useful. (This is only a guide and not a checklist)

» 6 Months
» 12 Months
» 18 Months
» 2 Years
» 3 Years
» 4 Years

6 Months

Physical

  • Lying on back, lifts and grasps foot
  • Lying on abdomen, arms extended
  • Held standing, takes weight on legs

Personal, Social and Emotional

  • Uses hands competently to reach for and grasp small toys
  • Manipulates objects attentively, passing them frequently from hand to hand
  • Shows delighted response to active play

Communication

  • Turns immediately to a familiar voice across the room
  • Vocalises tunefully to self and others, using sing song vowel sounds, or single and double syllables e.g. ‘a.a’, ‘muh’, ‘goo’, ‘der’, ‘adah’, ‘er-leh’. ‘aroo’.
  • Laughs, chuckles and squeals aloud in play

12 Months

Physical

  • Can rise to sitting position from lying down.
  • Crawls on hands and knees, shuffles on buttocks or ‘bear walks rapidly about the floor
  • Walks around furniture lifting one foot and stepping sideways
  • May walk alone

Personal, Social and Emotional

  • Drinks well from cup with little assistance.
  • Holds spoon and will attempt to use for feeding, although very messy
  • Helps with dressing by holding out arm for sleeve and foot for shoe.

Communication

  • Knows and immediately responds to own name
  • Understands simple instructions associated with a gesture e.g. give it to daddy, ‘come to mummy’.
  • Imitates adult playful vocalisations and may use a few words with great enthusiasm.

18 Months

Physical

  • Walks well with feet only slightly apart, starts and stops safely.
  • Runs carefully, but finds difficulty in negotiating obstacles
  • Flexes knees and hips in squatting position to pick up toy from floor, and rises to feet using hands as support.

Personal, Social and Emotional

  • Beginning to give notice of urgent toilet needs by restlessness and vocalisation
  • Fascinated by household objects and imitates simple, everyday activities, such as feeding doll, reading book, brushing floor, washing clothes.
  • Enjoys putting small objects in and out of containers, and learning the relative size of objects.

Communication

  • Uses between six and twenty recognisable words and understands many more.
  • Enjoys nursery rhymes and tries to join in
  • Obeys simple instructions e.g. ’put your shoes’ or ‘shut the door’

2 Years

Physical

  • Squats with complete steadiness to rest or to play with an object on the ground and rises to feet without using hands.
  • Throws small ball overhand and forwards, without falling over
  • Sits on small tricycle, but cannot use pedals

Personal, Social and Emotional

  • Intensely curious regarding environment
  • May take turns, but as yet has little idea of sharing either toys or the attention of adults
  • Parallel play present; plays contentedly near other children but not with them.

Communication

  • Puts two or more words together to form simple sentences
  • Constantly asking names of objects and people
  • Names familiar objects and pictures

3 Years

Physical

  • Climbs nursery apparatus with agility
  • Can turn around obstacles and corners while running and also while pushing and pulling large toys.
  • Can throw a ball overhand and catch large ball on or between extended arms

Personal, Social and Emotional

  • Vividly realised make-believe play, including invented people and objects
  • Enjoys playing on the floor with bricks, boxes, toy trains, dolls, prams etc, alone or in company with siblings.
  • Joins in active make believe play with other children. Understands sharing play things.

Communication

  • Carries on simple conversations and able to describe briefly present activities and past experiences
  • Asks many questions beginning ‘What?’, ‘Where?’, and ‘Who?’
  • Knows several nursery rhymes to repeat and sometimes sing

4 Years

Physical

  • Navigates self-locomotion, skilfully, turning sharp corners, running, pushing and pulling.
  • Expert rider of tricycle, executing sharp U-turns easily
  • Stands on one (preferred foot) for three to five seconds and hops on preferred foot.

Personal, Social and Emotional

  • General behaviour more independent and strongly self-willed.
  • Understands taking turns as well as sharing.
  • Appreciates past, present and future time.

Communication

  • Speech grammatically correct and completely intelligible.
  • Listens to and tells long stories, sometimes confusing fact and fantasy.
  • Ofsted Graded Good
  • Food Hygiene Rating
  • Step Into Quality
  • Children's Food Trust
  • By Offical Appointment
  • Change 4 Life